Digital Athenaeus
G. Kaibel: Athenaei Naucratitae Dipnosophistarum libri 15

Book 4

Paragraph
24

περὶ δὲ τῆς τρυφῆς τῶν ἐν Πέρσαις βασιλέων Ξενοφῶν ἐν Ἀγησιλάῳ οὕτω γράφει· τῷ μὲν γὰρ Πέρσῃ πᾶσαν γῆν περιέρχονται μαστεύοντες τί ἂν ἡδέως πίοι, μυρίοι δὲ τεχνῶνται τί ἂν ἡδέως φάγοι· ὅπως γε μὴν καταδάρθοι οὐδʼ ἂν εἴποι τις ὅσα πραγματεύονται. Ἀγησίλαος δὲ διὰ τὸ φιλόπονος εἶναι πᾶν μὲν τὸ παρὸν ἡδέως ἔπινε, πᾶν δὲ τὸ συντυχὸν ἡδέως ἤσθιεν· εἰς δὲ τὸ ἀσμένως κοιμηθῆναι πᾶς τόπος ἱκανὸς ἦν αὐτῷ. ἐν δὲ τῷ Ἱέρωνι ἐπιγραφομένῳ λέγων περὶ τῶν τοῖς τυράννοις παρασκευαζομένων καὶ τῶν τοῖς ἰδιώταις εἰς τροφάς φησιν οὕτως· καὶ οἶδά γε, ἔφη, Σιμωνίδη, ὅτι τούτῳ κρίνουσιν οἱ πλεῖστοι ἥδιον ἡμᾶς καὶ πίνειν καὶ ἐσθίειν τῶν ἰδιωτῶν ὅτι δοκοῦσι καὶ αὐτοὶ ἥδιον ἂν δειπνῆσαι τὸ ἡμῖν παρατιθέμενον δεῖπνον τὸ ἑαυτοῖς. τὸ γὰρ τὰ εἰωθότα ὑπερβάλλον, τοῦτο παρέχει τὰς ἡδονάς. διὸ καὶ πάντες ἄνθρωποι ἡδέως προσδέχονται τὰς ἑορτὰς πλὴν οὐχ οἱ τύραννοι. ἔκπλεῳ γὰρ αὐτοῖς ἀεὶ παρεσκευασμέναι οὐδεμίαν ἐν ταῖς ἑορταῖς ἐπίδοσιν ἔχουσιν αὐτῶν αἱ τράπεζαι· ὥστε ταύτῃ πρῶτον τῇ εὐφροσύνῃ τῆς ἐλπίδος μειονεκτοῦσι τῶν ἰδιωτῶν. ἔπειτα, ἔφη, ἐκεῖνο εὖ οἶδα ὅτι καὶ σὺ ἔμπειρος εἶ, ὅτι ὅσῳ ἂν τις πλείω τις παραθῆται τὰ περιττὰ τῶν ἱκανῶν, τοσούτῳ καὶ θᾶσσον μᾶλλον κόρος ἐμπίπτει τῆς ἐδωδῆς. ὥστε καὶ τῷ χρόνῳ τῆς ἡδονῆς μειονεκτεῖ παρατιθέμενος πολλὰ τῶν μετρίως διαιτωμένων. ἀλλὰ ναὶ μὰ Δία, ἔφη Σιμωνίδης, ὅσον ἂν χρόνον ψυχὴ προσίηται, τοῦτον πολὺ μᾶλλον ἥδονται οἱ ταῖς πολυτελεστέραις παρασκευαῖς τρεφόμενοι τῶν τὰ εὐτελέστερα παρατιθεμένων.

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