Digital Athenaeus
G. Kaibel: Athenaei Naucratitae Dipnosophistarum libri 15

Book 3

Paragraph
38

αἱ δὲ πῖναι ὀρθαὶ φύονται ἐκ τοῦ βυθοῦ ἔχουσί τε ἐν αὑταῖς τὸν πινοφύλακα αἳ μὲν καρίδιον, αἳ δὲ καρκίνιον· οὗ στερόμεναι θᾶττον διαφθείρονται. τοῦτο δὲ Πάμφιλος Ἀλεξανδρεὺς ἐν τοῖς περὶ ὀνομάτων συμπεφυκέναι φησὶν αὐταῖς. Χρύσιππος δʼ Σολεὺς ἐκ τοῦ εʹ περὶ τοῦ καλοῦ καὶ τῆς ἡδονῆς· πίννη, φησίν, καὶ πιννοτήρης συνεργὰ ἀλλήλοις, κατʼ ἰδίαν οὐ δυνάμενα συμμένειν. μὲν οὖν πίννη ὄστρεόν ἐστιν, δὲ πιννοτήρης καρκίνος μικρός. καὶ πίννη διαστήσασα τὸ ὄστρακον ἡσυχάζει τηροῦσα τὰ ἐπεισιόντα ἰχθύδια, δὲ πιννοτήρης παρεστὼς ὅταν εἰσέλθῃ τι δάκνει αὐτὴν ὥσπερ σημαίνων, δὲ δηχθεῖσα συμμύει. καὶ οὕτως τὸ ἀποληφθὲν ἔνδον κατεσθίουσι κοινῇ. φασὶ δέ τινες καὶ συγγεννᾶσθαι αὐτὰ αὐτοῖς καὶ ὡς ἂν ἐξ ἑνὸς σπέρματος γίνεσθαι. πάλιν δὲ Ἀριστοτέλης φησί· πάντα δὲ τὰ ὀστρακώδη γίνεται καὶ ἐν τῇ ἰλύι, ἐν μὲν τῇ βορβορώδει τὰ ὄστρεα, ἐν δὲ τῇ ἀμμώδει κόγχαι καὶ τὰ ῥηθέντα, περὶ δὲ τὰς σήραγγας τῶν πετρῶν τήθεα καὶ βάλανοι καὶ τὰ ἐπιπολάζοντα, οἷον λεπάδες καὶ νηρῖται.

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