Digital Athenaeus
G. Kaibel: Athenaei Naucratitae Dipnosophistarum libri 15

Book 15

Paragraph
49

ἐμέμνηντο δʼ οἱ πολλοὶ καὶ τῶν Ἀττικῶν ἐκείνων σκολίων· ἅπερ καὶ αὐτὰ ἄξιόν ἐστί σοι ἀπομνημονεῦσαι διά τε τὴν ἀρχαιότητα καὶ ἀφέλειαν τῶν ποιησάντων, καὶ τῶν ἐπαινουμένων ἐπὶ τῇ ἰδέᾳ ταύτῃ τῆς ποιητικῆς Ἀλκαίου τε καὶ Ἀνακρέοντος, ὡς Ἀριστοφάνης παρίστησιν ἐν Δαιταλεῦσιν λέγων οὕτως· ᾆσον δή μοι σκόλιόν τι λαβὼν Ἀλκαίου κἀνακρέοντος. καὶ Πράξιλλα δʼ Σικυωνία ἐθαυμάζετο ἐπὶ τῇ τῶν σκολίων ποιήσει. σκόλια δὲ καλοῦνται οὐ κατὰ τὸν τῆς μελοποιίας τρόπον ὅτι σκολιὸς ἦν λέγουσιν γὰρ τὰ ἐν ταῖς ἀνειμέναις εἶναι σκολιά ἀλλὰ τριῶν γενῶν ὄντων, ὥς φησιν Ἀρτέμων Κασανδρεὺς ἐν δευτέρῳ Βιβλίων Χρήσεως, ἐν οἷς τὰ περὶ τὰς συνουσίας ἦν ᾀδόμενα, ὧν τὸ μὲν πρῶτον ἦν δὴ πάντας ᾄδειν νόμος ἦν, τὸ δὲ δεύτερον δὴ πάντες μὲν ᾖδον, οὐ μὴν ἀλλά γε κατά τινα περίοδον ἐξ ὑποδοχῆς, τὸ τρίτον δὲ καὶ τὴν ἐπὶ πᾶσι τάξιν ἔχον, οὗ μετεῖχον οὐκέτι πάντες, ἀλλʼ οἱ συνετοὶ δοκοῦντες εἶναι μόνοι, καὶ κατὰ τόπον τινὰ εἰ τύχοιεν ὄντες· διόπερ ὡς ἀταξίαν τινὰ μόνον παρὰ τἄλλα ἔχον τὸ μήθʼ ἅμα μήθʼ ἑξῆς γινόμενον ἀλλʼ ὅπου ἔτυχεν εἶναι σκόλιον ἐκλήθη. τὸ δὲ τοιοῦτον ᾔδετο ὁπότε τὰ κοινὰ καὶ πᾶσιν ἀναγκαῖα τέλος λάβοι· ἐνταῦθα γὰρ ἤδη τῶν σοφῶν ἕκαστον ᾠδήν τινα καλὴν εἰς μέσον ἠξίουν προφέρειν. καλὴν δὲ ταύτην ἐνόμιζον τὴν παραίνεσίν τέ τινα καὶ γνώμην ἔχειν δοκοῦσαν χρησίμην τε εἰς τὸν βίον.

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