Digital Athenaeus
G. Kaibel: Athenaei Naucratitae Dipnosophistarum libri 15

Book 14

Paragraph
44

τοσαῦτα τοῦ Μασουρίου διεξελθόντος περιηνέχθησαν ἡμῖν καὶ αἱ δεύτεραι καλούμεναι τράπεζαι, πολλάκις ἡμῖν διδόμεναι οὐ μόνον ταῖς τῶν Κρονίων ἡμέραις, ἐν αἷς Ῥωμαίων παισὶν ἔθος ἐστὶν ἑστιᾶν τοὺς οἰκέτας, αὐτοὺς τὰς τῶν οἰκετῶν ἀναδεχομένους λειτουργίας. Ἑλληνικὸν δὲ τοῦτο τὸ ἔθος· ἐν Κρήτῃ γοῦν τῇ τῶν Ἑρμαίων ἑορτῇ τὸ ὅμοιον γίνεται, ὥς φησι Καρύστιος ἐν Ἱστορικοῖς Ὑπομνήμασιν εὐωχουμένων γὰρ τῶν οἰκετῶν οἱ δεσπόται ὑπηρετοῦσιν πρὸς τὰς διακονίας. καὶ ἐν Τροιζῆνι δὲ μηνὶ Γεραιστίῳ· πανήγυρις δὲ τότε γίνεται πολυήμερος, ἧς ἐν μιᾷ οἱ δοῦλοι μετὰ τῶν πολιτῶν κοινῇ τε ἀστραγαλίζουσιν καὶ οἱ κύριοι τοὺς δούλους ἑστιῶσιν, ὡς αὐτός φησιν Καρύστιος. Βήρωσος δʼ ἐν πρώτῳ Βαβυλωνιακῶν τῷ Λώῳ φησὶ μηνὶ ἑκκαιδεκάτῃ ἄγεσθαι ἑορτὴν Σάκαια προσαγορευομένην ἐν Βαβυλῶνι ἐπὶ ἡμέρας πέντε, ἐν αἷς ἔθος εἶναι ἄρχεσθαι τοὺς δεσπότας ὑπὸ τῶν οἰκετῶν ἀφηγεῖσθαί τε τῆς οἰκίας ἕνα αὐτῶν ἐνδεδυκότα στολὴν ὁμοίαν τῇ βασιλικῇ, ὃν καὶ καλεῖσθαι ζωγάνην. μνημονεύει τῆς ἑορτῆς καὶ Κτησίας ἐν δευτέρῳ Περσικῶν Κῷοι δὲ τοὐναντίον δρῶσιν, ὡς ἱστορεῖ Μακαρεὺς ἐν τρίτῳ Κῳακῶν· ὅταν γὰρ τῇ Ἥρᾳ θύωσιν, δοῦλοι οὐ παραγίνονται ἐπὶ τὴν εὐωχίαν. διὸ καὶ Φύλαρχον εἰρηκέναι· σουριηι μοῦνοι μὲν ἐλεύθεροι ἱεροεργοί, ἀνδράσι προσκεινοισιν ἐλεύθερον ἆμαρ ἔχοντες· δούλων δʼ οὔτις πάμπαν ἐσέρχεται οὐδʼ ἠβαιόν.

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